Equipment Glossary

Welcome to the equipment and tool glossary, your trusted source for all things machinery, power tools, equipment, and dealer operations.

Aerial Work Platform

A mechanical device used to elevate personnel, tools, and materials to perform tasks at heights. It typically consists of a platform or bucket attached to an extendable arm or telescoping mast, often mounted on a vehicle or a stationary structure.

Air Compressor

A device that converts power, usually from an electric motor, gasoline engine, or diesel engine, into potential energy stored in compressed air. This compressed air can then be used for various purposes, such as powering pneumatic tools or inflating tires.

Articulated Truck

A heavy-duty vehicle with a pivoted joint that allows for sharp turns and maneuverability, commonly used in construction and mining industries to transport materials over rough terrain.

Asphalt Paver

A machine used to lay asphalt on roads, parking lots, and other surfaces. It spreads and levels asphalt evenly to create a smooth and durable pavement surface.


A drilling device consisting of a rotating helical screw blade, typically used for drilling holes in the ground for various purposes, such as installing fence posts, planting trees, or extracting soil samples.

Axial Fan

A type of fan in which the airflow direction is parallel to the axis of rotation. Axial fans are commonly used for ventilation and cooling purposes in buildings, electronic equipment, and industrial processes.


Backhoe Loader

A versatile construction machine that combines the functions of a loader and a backhoe. It features a digging bucket on the back (the backhoe) and a loading bucket on the front (the loader), allowing it to perform tasks such as excavation, loading, and material handling.

Belt Sander

A power tool equipped with a continuous loop of sandpaper (the belt) that rotates around two cylindrical drums. Belt sanders are used for sanding and smoothing wood, metal, and other materials by rapidly removing surface material.


A machine that generates airflow by means of an impeller or fan, used for blowing debris, leaves, or snow, as well as for ventilation and cooling in various applications.

Bolt Cutter

A handheld tool designed to cut through metal bolts, chains, and other tough materials. It consists of two long handles with sharp jaws at one end, which exert high pressure to shear through the material.

Boom Lift

A type of aerial work platform supported by a hydraulic arm or boom, used to elevate workers and equipment to elevated work areas. Boom lifts provide flexibility and reach for tasks such as maintenance, construction, and firefighting.

Brush Chipper

A machine used to reduce branches, brush, and other organic debris into smaller wood chips or mulch. Brush chippers are commonly used in landscaping, forestry, and land clearing operations.


A powerful tracked or wheeled vehicle equipped with a large blade at the front, used for pushing earth, debris, and other materials during construction, earthmoving, and land clearing operations.


Circular Saw

A power saw with a toothed abrasive disc or blade that rotates in a circular motion, used for cutting various materials such as wood, metal, plastic, and masonry.


A portable mechanical saw equipped with a toothed chain that runs along a guide bar, used for cutting trees, logs, branches, and other wood materials.

Chipping Hammer

A handheld tool equipped with a chisel or pointed tip, used for breaking or chipping away concrete, masonry, and other hard materials.

Cold Planer

A machine used for removing layers of asphalt or concrete from roads, parking lots, and other surfaces. Cold planers use rotating cutting drums equipped with carbide-tipped teeth to mill the surface to a desired depth.


A machine used to compact soil, gravel, or asphalt to increase its density and stability. Compactors come in various types, including plate compactors, roller compactors, and vibrating compactors.

Concrete Mixer

A device used for mixing cement, sand, gravel, and water to form concrete. Concrete mixers come in various sizes and configurations, including portable mixers, truck-mounted mixers, and stationary mixers.

Conveyor Belt

A continuous loop of material-handling equipment consisting of a belt stretched between two or more pulleys. Conveyor belts are used to transport goods, materials, or products from one location to another in factories, warehouses, and transportation systems.


A type of lifting machine equipped with a hoist rope, wire ropes, or chains, used to lift and lower heavy loads vertically and move them horizontally. Cranes come in various types, including tower cranes, mobile cranes, and overhead cranes.


A type of tracked vehicle equipped with continuous tracks or caterpillar tracks, used for traversing rough terrain, soft ground, and steep slopes. Crawlers are commonly used in construction, mining, and military applications.

Curb Machine

A specialized machine used for extruding concrete curbs, gutters, and other landscape features. Curb machines typically consist of a hopper for holding concrete, an extrusion auger, and shaping molds for forming the desired profile.


Drilling Machine

A machine tool used for drilling holes in various materials such as metal, wood, or plastic. It typically consists of a motor, spindle, and drill bit, and can be operated manually or automatically to create precise holes of different sizes and depths.

Drum Compactor

A heavy-duty machine used to compact soil, asphalt, or other materials by means of a rotating drum. Drum compactors are commonly used in road construction, landfills, and other civil engineering projects to increase the density and stability of the compacted material.

Drywall Screw Gun

A specialized power tool designed for quickly and efficiently driving screws into drywall, gypsum board, or other similar materials. Drywall screw guns typically feature adjustable depth settings and high-speed motors to streamline the installation process.

Dump Truck

A large vehicle equipped with a hydraulically operated dump bed or container used for transporting and unloading bulk materials such as sand, gravel, dirt, or construction debris. Dump trucks are commonly used in construction, mining, and waste management industries.


Earth Moving Machine

A broad category of heavy equipment designed for excavating, moving, and shaping earth and other materials during construction, mining, and landscaping activities. Earth moving machines include excavators, bulldozers, loaders, graders, and scrapers.

Electric Breaker

Also known as a demolition hammer or jackhammer, an electric breaker is a power tool used for breaking up concrete, asphalt, or other hard materials. It operates by delivering rapid hammering blows to the surface, typically powered by electricity.

Electrical Puller

A device used for pulling electrical cables or wires through conduits, ducts, or other pathways during installation or maintenance. Electrical pullers come in various configurations, including manual hand-operated models and motorized versions for heavy-duty applications.


A heavy construction machine consisting of a rotating cab, articulated arm, and digging bucket or attachment, used for digging trenches, foundations, and other earthmoving tasks. Excavators are versatile machines capable of handling various attachments for different applications.


Feller Buncher

A forestry machine used to harvest trees by cutting and gathering multiple stems or trees simultaneously. Feller bunchers are equipped with a cutting head or saw and hydraulic arms to grasp and cut trees efficiently.

Floor Buffer

Also known as a floor polisher or rotary floor machine, a floor buffer is a motorized device equipped with a rotating pad or brush used to clean, polish, or buff hard floor surfaces such as wood, tile, or concrete.

Floor Stripper

A machine used to remove floor coverings such as vinyl tile, linoleum, carpet, or hardwood flooring. Floor strippers typically use sharp blades or abrasive attachments to scrape away the flooring material from the underlying surface.


A powered industrial truck equipped with forks or prongs at the front used for lifting and transporting heavy loads. Forklifts are commonly used in warehouses, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities for materials handling tasks.


A forestry vehicle used for transporting felled trees or logs from the cutting site to a centralized location for processing or loading onto trucks. Forwarders are designed to navigate rough terrain and often feature a hydraulic crane for loading and unloading logs.

Fume Extractor

A device used to remove airborne contaminants, fumes, or gases from the air in industrial environments. Fume extractors capture and filter harmful substances generated during welding, soldering, painting, or other manufacturing processes to improve air quality and worker safety.


Gantry Crane

A type of overhead crane with a bridge-like structure supported by legs or mounted on rails, used for lifting and moving heavy loads within a confined area such as a warehouse, shipyard, or construction site.

Gas Trash Pump

A portable pump powered by a gasoline engine, designed to handle water containing debris, solids, or sludge. Gas trash pumps are commonly used for dewatering flooded areas, draining construction sites, and pumping wastewater.


A device that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy through electromagnetic induction. Generators are commonly used to provide backup power during outages, as a primary power source in remote locations, and in portable applications such as camping or construction.


A heavy construction machine equipped with a long blade used for leveling and smoothing the surface of roads, parking lots, and other graded surfaces. Graders are commonly used in road construction, earthmoving, and land grading projects.


A power tool equipped with an abrasive wheel or disc used for grinding, cutting, and polishing various materials such as metal, stone, or concrete. Grinders come in various sizes and configurations, including angle grinders, bench grinders, and surface grinders.


Hat Posts

A type of support post on the trailer used to provide added strength to the frame.  

Hardwood Nailer

A pneumatic or manual tool used for driving nails into hardwood flooring during installation. Hardwood nailers are designed to securely fasten hardwood boards to subflooring without causing damage to the wood surface.


A forestry machine used for felling, delimbing, and bucking trees in timber harvesting operations. Harvesters are equipped with cutting heads, hydraulic arms, and processing equipment to efficiently harvest trees and prepare them for transport.

Hitch Ball

The ball-shaped attachment on a hitch that connects the trailer to the tow vehicle. 

Hedge Trimmer

A handheld or powered garden tool equipped with reciprocating blades or a rotating cutter bar used for trimming and shaping hedges, bushes, and shrubs.


A mechanical device used for lifting and lowering heavy loads vertically. Hoists can be manually operated or powered by electricity, hydraulics, or pneumatics, and are commonly used in construction, manufacturing, and material handling applications.

Hydraulic Compactor

A machine used to compact soil, gravel, or other materials using hydraulic pressure. Hydraulic compactors are commonly attached to excavators or backhoe loaders and are used for compacting trenches, embankments, and foundations.


Impact Driver

A handheld power tool designed for driving screws and fasteners with high torque and rotational force. Impact drivers utilize concussive blows in addition to rotational force to efficiently drive screws into tough materials such as wood or metal.

Inexhaustible Asset

An asset that does not have a finite useful life and can provide benefits indefinitely. Examples of inexhaustible assets include land and natural resources such as mineral deposits or water rights.

Inventoriable Equipment

Equipment or machinery held in inventory by a company for sale or use in its operations. Inventoriable equipment is recorded as inventory on the company’s balance sheet until it is sold or put into use.


Knuckleboom Loader

A type of articulated crane with a hinged boom that resembles the knuckle of a finger, used for loading and unloading heavy cargo onto trucks or trailers. Knuckleboom loaders are commonly used in construction, forestry, and material handling applications.



A portable device consisting of steps or rungs mounted between two vertical sidepieces, used for climbing up or down to reach elevated areas. Ladders come in various types, including step ladders, extension ladders, and platform ladders, and are commonly used in construction, maintenance, and firefighting.

Land Leveler

A machine used for smoothing and grading the surface of land to achieve a uniform slope or elevation. Land levelers are commonly used in agriculture, landscaping, and construction to prepare land for planting, building, or drainage.

Light Tower

A tall, freestanding structure equipped with one or more powerful lights mounted at the top, used to illuminate outdoor areas such as construction sites, sports fields, or emergency scenes.

Linoleum Roller

A tool used for applying pressure to linoleum flooring to ensure proper adhesion to the subfloor and to remove air bubbles and wrinkles during installation.

Load Capacity

The maximum weight or load that a machine, vehicle, structure, or material-handling equipment can safely support or carry without risk of failure or damage. Load capacity is an important consideration in equipment design, operation, and safety.


Manhole Blower

A device used to clear debris, dust, and fumes from confined spaces such as manholes, sewers, and underground utility vaults. Manhole blowers use forced air to ventilate and improve air quality in enclosed areas.

Material Lift

A mechanical device used for lifting and positioning heavy materials or equipment to elevated work areas. Material lifts are commonly used in construction, warehousing, and manufacturing to improve efficiency and safety when handling bulky or heavy loads.

Material Handling Machine

A broad category of equipment used for moving, storing, and transporting materials and goods within industrial, construction, and warehouse environments. Material handling machines include forklifts, conveyors, cranes, pallet jacks, and automated systems.

Metal Detector

An electronic device used to detect the presence of metal objects hidden beneath surfaces such as soil, sand, or water. Metal detectors are commonly used in security screening, archaeological exploration, and industrial applications such as locating buried pipes or utilities.

Measuring Wheel

Also known as a surveyor’s wheel or distance measuring wheel, a measuring wheel is a handheld tool equipped with a wheel that rolls along the ground to measure distances accurately. Measuring wheels are commonly used in construction, landscaping, and surveying for measuring land, roads, and other surfaces.

Motor Grader

A heavy construction machine equipped with a long blade used for grading and leveling the surface of roads, highways, and other graded surfaces. Motor graders are commonly used in road construction, maintenance, and earthmoving projects.

Multi-Terrain Loader

A type of compact tracked loader designed for operating in various terrains, including soft soils, mud, snow, and rough terrain. Multi-terrain loaders are versatile machines used for loading, excavating, grading, and material handling in construction and landscaping applications.


Non-Controlled Equipment

Equipment or machinery that does not require specific controls or regulatory oversight for its operation. Non-controlled equipment typically refers to equipment that does not pose significant risks to safety, health, or the environment.

No Touch

A type of freight handling that does not require any physical handling of the cargo by the driver.


Palm Nailer

A small pneumatic or electric tool used for driving nails in tight spaces or for applications where a traditional nail gun cannot reach. Palm nailers are commonly used in framing, roofing, and carpentry projects.


A machine used for laying asphalt, concrete, or other materials to create smooth and uniform pavement surfaces such as roads, parking lots, and driveways. Pavers consist of a hopper for holding the material, a distribution system, and a screed for leveling and compacting the material.

Paint Sprayer

A device used for applying paint or other coatings to surfaces quickly and efficiently. Paint sprayers utilize compressed air, airless technology, or HVLP (high volume, low pressure) systems to atomize paint and create a fine mist for even coverage.

Plasma Cutter

A cutting tool that uses a high-velocity jet of ionized gas (plasma) to melt and sever metal materials. Plasma cutters are commonly used in metal fabrication, welding, and industrial manufacturing for cutting various metals with precision and speed.

Plate Sander

A power tool equipped with a flat sanding plate or disc used for sanding flat surfaces such as wood, metal, or plastic. Plate sanders are commonly used for finishing and smoothing large areas quickly and efficiently.


A support device used for holding pipes, conduits, or other cylindrical objects in place during fabrication, installation, or maintenance. Pipe stands come in various designs, including adjustable height models and roller stands for supporting pipes of different sizes and lengths.

Pipe Wrench

A hand tool with adjustable serrated jaws used for gripping and turning pipes, fittings, and other cylindrical objects. Pipe wrenches provide a strong grip and leverage for tightening or loosening threaded connections in plumbing, construction, and mechanical applications.


A power tool equipped with a rotating polishing pad or buffing wheel used for polishing and buffing surfaces to a smooth and shiny finish. Polishers are commonly used for automotive detailing, woodworking, metalworking, and stone polishing applications.


Radiant Heater

A heating device that emits infrared radiation to warm objects and surfaces directly without heating the surrounding air. Radiant heaters are commonly used for outdoor heating, spot heating in warehouses, and construction sites.

Ram Compactor

A heavy-duty machine used to compact waste materials such as trash, recyclables, or soil into a smaller volume by means of a hydraulic ram. Ram compactors are commonly used in waste management, landfill operations, and soil compaction projects.

Rebar Cutter

A power tool or handheld tool used for cutting reinforcing steel bars (rebar) to specific lengths during construction and concrete reinforcement projects. Rebar cutters are available in various sizes and configurations, including handheld cutters, portable hydraulic cutters, and stationary cutting machines.

Reciprocating Saw

A handheld power saw with a straight or oscillating blade that moves back and forth in a reciprocating motion. Reciprocating saws are commonly used for cutting wood, metal, plastic, and other materials in construction, demolition, and remodeling projects.


A heavy-duty attachment or tool used for breaking up hard soil, rock, or pavement surfaces. Rippers typically consist of one or more pointed or toothed shanks that penetrate the ground to loosen compacted materials, making them easier to excavate or remove.

Rivet Buster

A pneumatic tool used for removing rivets, bolts, and other fasteners in metal fabrication, construction, and demolition projects. Rivet busters deliver powerful hammer blows to break apart stubborn fasteners and structural components.

Rock Drill

A power tool or machine used for drilling holes in rock, concrete, or other hard materials. Rock drills are commonly used in construction, mining, quarrying, and geological exploration for blasting, anchoring, and exploration purposes.


A heavy construction machine equipped with one or more cylindrical rollers used for compacting soil, asphalt, or other materials to increase their density and stability. Rollers come in various types, including vibratory rollers, pneumatic rollers, and static rollers, and are commonly used in road construction, landscaping, and earthmoving projects.

Rotary Hammer

A power tool equipped with a rotating drill bit and hammering mechanism used for drilling holes in concrete, masonry, and other hard materials. Rotary hammers are commonly used in construction, renovation, and demolition projects for drilling holes and chiseling.


A compact, maneuverable aerial work platform used for lifting personnel and materials to elevated work areas. Runabouts, also known as personnel lifts or vertical mast lifts, are commonly used in warehouses, factories, and construction sites for maintenance, installation, and repair tasks.



A temporary structure consisting of platforms, frames, and supports used to provide access, support, and safety for workers and materials during construction, maintenance, or repair of buildings and structures.

Scissor Lift

A type of aerial work platform characterized by a crisscrossing support mechanism that extends vertically to elevate a platform or work area. Scissor lifts are commonly used for tasks such as maintenance, installation, and construction work at elevated heights.


A heavy construction machine equipped with a large blade or bucket used for excavating, leveling, and moving earth and other materials. Scrapers are commonly used in earthmoving, road construction, and mining projects.

Sewer Snake

Also known as a drain auger or plumbing snake, a sewer snake is a flexible cable or auger used to remove obstructions and debris from plumbing pipes and drains. Sewer snakes are commonly used by plumbers and homeowners to clear clogs in drains and sewer lines.

Shop Vacuum

A portable vacuum cleaner designed for heavy-duty cleaning tasks in workshops, garages, and industrial settings. Shop vacuums are equipped with powerful motors and larger capacity tanks to handle debris, dust, and liquids commonly encountered in these environments.

Shot Blaster

A machine used for surface preparation and cleaning by propelling abrasive materials such as steel shot, grit, or sand at high velocity onto a surface. Shot blasters are commonly used to remove coatings, rust, and contaminants from concrete, metal, and other surfaces in preparation for painting or resurfacing.

Skid Steer Loader

A compact, maneuverable construction machine equipped with a load-bearing bucket or attachment mounted on arms that can be hydraulically manipulated. Skid steer loaders are versatile machines used for a variety of tasks, including excavation, loading, grading, and material handling.


A forestry machine used for dragging felled trees or logs from the cutting site to a centralized location for processing or loading onto trucks. Skidders are equipped with winches, grapples, or cables to grip and drag logs efficiently through rough terrain.

Soil Compactor

A machine used to compact soil, gravel, or other materials to increase their density and stability. Soil compactors are commonly used in construction, road building, and landscaping projects to improve load-bearing capacity and reduce settling.


A hand tool or machine used for fastening materials together by driving staples or similar fasteners into them. Staplers come in various types, including manual hand-operated staplers, electric staplers, and pneumatic staplers, and are commonly used in offices, construction, upholstery, and packaging.

Stump Grinder

A machine used to remove tree stumps by grinding them into small wood chips or sawdust. Stump grinders are equipped with rotating cutting discs or wheels with carbide teeth that effectively grind away stumps below ground level.

Submersible Pump

A pump designed to be fully submerged in water or other liquids for pumping purposes. Submersible pumps are commonly used for drainage, sewage, wastewater, and groundwater pumping in applications such as construction, agriculture, and municipal utilities.



A versatile lifting machine equipped with a telescopic boom and forklift attachment, used for lifting and moving materials to elevated or hard-to-reach areas. Telehandlers are commonly used in construction, agriculture, and warehousing for handling pallets, construction materials, and equipment.

Texture Hopper Gun

A pneumatic tool used for applying texture coatings such as stucco, popcorn ceiling texture, or drywall mud to surfaces. Texture hopper guns use compressed air to spray texture materials onto walls and ceilings for decorative or protective purposes.

Tile Cutter

A handheld or tabletop tool used for cutting ceramic, porcelain, or other types of tile to fit specific dimensions or shapes during installation. Tile cutters may use a scoring wheel or rotary blade to score and snap tiles cleanly along predetermined lines.

Tire Compactor

A heavy-duty machine used for compacting waste tires into bales or bundles for recycling or disposal. Tire compactors compress used tires into dense packages to reduce their volume and facilitate transportation and storage.

Trench Roller

A compact, ride-on compactor used for compacting soil, gravel, or asphalt in narrow trenches and confined spaces. Trench rollers feature a vibrating drum or plate that compacts soil efficiently in trenches dug for utilities, pipelines, and other underground structures.


A construction machine equipped with a rotating digging chain or blade used for excavating narrow trenches in the ground. Trenchers are commonly used in utility installation, irrigation, and landscaping projects for laying pipes, cables, or drainage systems.


Useful Life

The estimated period over which an asset is expected to be economically usable or productive before it is retired or replaced. The useful life of an asset is an important consideration in accounting, financial planning, and asset management.

Utility Vehicle

A small motorized vehicle designed for off-road use, commonly used for transporting personnel, equipment, and materials in outdoor environments such as farms, construction sites, and recreational areas. Utility vehicles include ATVs (all-terrain vehicles), UTVs (utility task vehicles), and golf carts.


Wallpaper Steamer

A handheld or machine-operated tool used for softening wallpaper adhesive and removing wallpaper from walls. Wallpaper steamers use steam to penetrate and loosen the adhesive, making it easier to peel away the wallpaper without damaging the underlying surface.

Weed Trimmer

Also known as a string trimmer, weed eater, or weed whacker, a weed trimmer is a handheld power tool used for cutting grass, weeds, and other vegetation in areas that are difficult to reach with a lawnmower. Weed trimmers use a rotating nylon line or blade to cut vegetation cleanly.


A skilled tradesperson or machine operator trained in the process of joining metals together by melting and fusing them using heat, pressure, or filler material. Welders use various welding techniques and equipment, including arc welding, MIG welding, TIG welding, and oxy-fuel welding, to fabricate and repair metal structures and components.

Wheel Tractor-Scraper

A heavy construction machine consisting of a tractor unit with a scraper attachment used for earthmoving, leveling, and hauling operations. Wheel tractor-scrapers are commonly used in large-scale construction, mining, and civil engineering projects for moving soil, gravel, and other materials over long distances.

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